Giáo án Chuyên đề tiếng Anh 14

I. The simple present tense:

1. The form

(+) S + V (-) S + don’t/ doesn’t + V (?) Do/ Does + S + V?

2. The usage: - To denote actions that happened repeatedly. (She never comes late)

 - To denote long lasting events.(We live in Concord street)

 - To denote a true fact. (The earth moves around the Sun)

3. The recognition: - now/ nowadays/ today/ this summer/ - always/ usually/ often/ sometimes/ occasionally/ - the proof of constant truth.

4. Notes: - To denote a plan/ prediction/ timetables/ (The train leaves at 9.00)

 - The division of “be”, “have”, “can, may, must”,

 II. The present progressive tense:


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-forms ( getting, running, having, writing, dying, lying,…)
 - The omission of the verbs of awareness or sensation as: be/ see/ hear/ understand/ know/ like/ want/ glance/ feel/ think/ smell/ love/ hate/ realize/ seem/ remember/ forget/…( use the simple present instead )
 III. The present perfect tense:
1. The form: 
(+) S + have/ has + P.P (P2)
(-) S + haven’t/ hasn’t + P.P (P2)
(?) Have/ Has + S + P.P (P2)
The usage: - To denote actions that happened in the past but having results, relating, or still happening at present. (We have lived here since 1990)
 - To denote actions that happened right before the time of speaking, using “just”. 
 (She has just come from New York)
 - To denote unfulfilled actions with “yet”. (He hasn’t come yet)
 - To denote past actions; no certain time expression, using “already”. (We have already seen that film)
The recognition: - just = recently = lately. - ever/ never (comments)
 - already/ yet/ since/ for/ so far/ until now/ up to now (present).
Notes: - Past participles: (regular verbs adding “ed”./ irregular verbs “learn by heart”)
 - The differences between the present perfect and the simple past tense.
 - The present perfect progressive is used to denote past actions “happening”, or “will happen. The tense is often related to the verbs: live/ learn/ wait/ work/ study/… →“S + have/ has + been + V-ING” 
 IV. The simple past tense:
The form: (pV = the past form of verbs)
(+) S + pV
(-) S + didn’t + V
(?) Did + S + V?
The usage: - To denote a finished past action. (We went to the park together)
 - To report past events, past habits, or long lasting action in the past. 
 (She did all the work yesterday./ We used to sit next to each other.)
The recognition: - last week/ month/ year/… - yesterday/ ago/ in 1969/ in the past/…
Notes: - The past form of the verbs: ( regular “V-ED”/ irregular (2nd column in the irregular verbs list))
 - “ED” pronunciation /id/; /t/; /d/. 
 V. The past progressive tense:
The form: 
(+) S + was/ were + V-ING
(-) S + was/ were + not + V-ING
(?) Was/ Were + S + V-ING?
The usage: - To denote past happening actions. (She was watching T.V at 8.00 last night) 
 - To denote past interrupting actions. (She was watching T.V when I came)
The recognition: - at 8.00 last night/ at that time/ at that moment/…
 - time clause with “when”, “while = as”.
 Notes: - actions that alternatively happened, use the simple past only. (When I heard a knock at the
 door, I came to open it. When I opened the door, I saw my mum.)- this is a timed action.
 VI. The past perfect tense:
The form: 
(+) S + had + P.P (P2)
(-) S + had not (hadn’t) + P.P (P2)
(?) Had + S + P.P (P2)?
The usage: - To denote past finished actions that happened and finished before a certain point of time or another past event (the past of the past tense). e.g: She had sold all the baskets before 9.00 yesterday. She had sold all the baskets when we came there yesterday.
The recognition: - when-clause/ after/ before/ already/ since/ for/…
 - The past perfect progressive “S + had been + V-ING”
 VII. The simple future tense:
 1. The form: 
(+) S + will/ shall + V
(-) S + will/ shall + V
(?) Will/ Shall + S + V?
 - “shall” is restrictedly used only for I/We with the formal senses.
 - The negative forms “will not = won’t”, “shall not = shan’t”.
 2. The usage: - To denote future actions. (They will build more hospitals)
 - To denote future plan/ idea/ timetable/…(The car will start in-time)
 3. The recognition: - someday, tomorrow,…/ - next week/ month/ year/.. 
 4. Notes: “ shan’t” is not used in conditional sentences./ “ shall” is used as a suggestion/ invitation/…. 
VIII. Various forms of the future tenses:
The future progressive tense:
1.1. The form: 
(+) S + will be + V-ING
(-) S + won’t be + V-ING
(?) Will + S + be + V-ING?
1.2. The usage: - To denote timetables/ intentions/ plans/… using “at”.
 e.g: She will be watching T.V at 8.00 tonight./ We will be staying at REX hotel at 5.00 next Sunday’s morning.
 - To show the future happening actions with “when”. Eg. She will be sitting at the gate when we come tomorrow.
The future perfect tense:
2.1. The form: 
(+) S + will have + P.P (P2)
(-) S + won’t have + P.P (P2)
(?) Will + S + have + P.P?
2.2. The usage: - To denote planned actions with “by”, “by the time”, “by then”.
 e.g: She will have finished the course by the next Friday/ by then.
 - To show a future schedule-finished action. e.g: The bridge will have been used by the next Autumn.
Other forms:
 a. The simple present tense: To denote a timetable, or a plan…
 e.g: 	A: When does he leave? B: He leaves tonight. 
 b. The present progressive: To denote an intention.
 e.g: 	A: When are you leaving? B: I am leaving this afternoon.
c. The “be + going to inf” form: To denote an intention or a near future action, an arrangement.
e.g: She is going to celebrate her 34th birthday. They are going to get married.
Main clause
Subordinate clause
Simple present tense.
simple present tense./ - present perfect tense.
present progressive tense./ - simple future tense.
“be going to V” form./ - simple past tense (certain point of past time).
Simple past tense
simple past tense./ - past progressive tense.
past perfect tense./ - “would + V” form.
“be going to + V” past form./ - simple present tense (showing the truth).
Present perfect tense
Simple present tense.
Past perfect tense
Simple past tense.
Main clause
Adverbial clauses (of time)
Present tenses
Present tenses
When/ whenever/ as/ while/ before/ after/ as soon as/…
Past tenses
Past tenses
When/ while/ as/ till/ until/ just as/ since/….
Future tenses
Present tenses
No sooner than/ hardly…when/ as long as/….
Choose one word or phrase marked A,B,C, or D that best complete the preceding sentence.
1. It’s the pronunciation that causes me a lot of______.
 	A. difficult	B. difficulty	C. difficully	D. difficulties
2. If you place a bowl of water in the sun, it will ______.
A. evaporate B. evaporated 	C. evaporator 	D. evaporation
3. ______ 350 million people speak English as their first language
 	A. approximaty 	B. approximately	 	C. approximation	 	D. approximate
4. “Gone with the wind” was______ by Mrs. Margaret Mitchell
 	A. written	B. read	C. designed	D. drawn
5. World population will continue to rise if we do not try ______ it.
A. to increase 	B. lower 	C. to reduce 	D. reducing
6. I did all the work______ my own
 	A. by	B. on	C. for	D. at 
7. Every Sunday my father spends three hours______ English
 	A. practice	B. to practice	C. practiced	D. practicing
8. I have learned English for 3 years, and I am good______ English now.
 	A. in	B. for	C. by	D. at
9. Hoa’s brother enjoys______ to ghost stories at night.
 	 A. telling and listening	 B. tell and listen	 	C. listen	D. to tell
10. Mr. Minh has known me______ he left Ha Noi national university.
 	A. until	B. since	C. when	D. during
11. How______ is that hotel?
 	A. long	B. length	C. high	D. height
12. How much does this hat______?
 	A. pay	B. spend	C. fix	D. cost
13. The exhibition______ place once a year.
 	A. does	B. has	C. takes	D. makes
14. ______ Sundays, I often go fishing with my father.
 	A. in	B. on	C. over	D. for
15. It is______ to drive without a driving license in Viet Nam.
 	A. good	B. danger	C. dangerously	D. dangerous
16. Would you like him______?
 	A. coming	B. to come	C. come	D. came
17. My mother can play a lot of______ instruments.
 	A. music	B. musical	C. musician	D. musically
18. The girl spoke with a______ accent.
 	A. southern	B. southwards	C. south	D. southbound
19. What’s the ______ of Viet Nam?
 	A. popular	B. populate	C. populous	D. population
20. The bus takes______ than the train.
 	A. more long	B. the longest	C. longer	D. long
21. His father works much______ than he does.
 	A. harder	B. hardly	C. hard	D. more hardly
22. May I______ your book?
 	A. give	B. do	C. lend	D. borrow
23. Ha Long is one of the most famous tourist______ in Viet Nam.
 	A. attractions	B. attract	C. attracted	D. attracting
24. ______ people are not always happy.
 	A. wealth	B. wealthily	C. wealthy	D. wealthiest
25. My bike_____ last week.
 	A. were stolen	B. was stolen	C. are stolen	D. is stolen
26. He says he’s been to______ restaurant in Viet Tri town.
 	A. all	B. most	C. every	D. many
27. The ability to work well for long hours is his______.
 	A. length	B. width	C. height	D. strength
28. It is the English pronunciation that______ a lot of difficulties to Vietnamese pupils.
 	A. makes	B. causes	C. does	D. gets
29. I had no difficulty______ to your English.
 	A. listen	B. to listen	C. to listening	D. listening
30. I______ her as soon as she entered the room.
 	A. recognized 	 B. had recognized 	C. could recognized 	D. did recognized
31. You should______ to your uncle fore being rude to him.
 	A. forgive	B. apologize	C. excuse	D. regret
32. The rocket went into______ round the moon.
 	A. track	B. orbit	C. path	D. circle
33. She took______ of the fine weather to do a day’s work in her garden.
 	A. chance	B. interest	C. advantage	D. charge
34. Long speeches are really______. 
 	A. bore	B. boring	C. bored	D. to bored
35. You shouldn’t______ him all the time.
 	A. teased	B. tease	C. teases	D. teasing
36. We won’t have to import electricity if the solar energy is ______ used.
A. large 	B. widely 	C. widen 	D. width
37. Mark Twain is the ______ name of Samuel Longhorn Clemens.
 	A. pen 	B. new 	C. career 	D. writer
38. His friend __ him a lot in his career. Without their suP.Port, he would not have been successful.
 	A. told 	B. encourage 	C. taught 	D. complained
39. He often tells me something about his village______ he was born and grew up.
 	A. which 	B. who 	C. where 	D. that
40. This is the man who ______ me English.
 	A. teach 	B. teaches 	C. are teach

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