Đề cương ôn tập cho học sinh trong thời gian nghỉ dịch Covid-19 môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 10 - Trường THPT Xuân Giang

EXERCISE 1:

Choose the word whose underlined part has a different pronunciation from the others in each group:

1/ A. national B. plan C. establish D. that

2/ A. parks B. trees C. caves D. contains

3/ A. found B. south C. mountain D. wound

4/ A. located B. formed C. threatened D. agreed

5/ A. West B. Kenya C. recognize D. taken

6/ A. study B. dry C. variety D. rainy

7/ A. hike B. during C. surprise D. bike

8/ A. contain B. another C. abandon D. vocabulary

9/ A. season B. feature C. increase D. meant

10/ A. look B. good C. choose D. book

EXERCISE 2:

Select the synonym of the following bold and underlined word in each sentence in the unit:

1/ Cuc Phuong National Park is located 160 km South West of Ha Noi.

 A. settled B. lain C. laid D. placed

2/ It is the first of Viet Nam’s nine national parks to be established and it contains over 200 square km of rainforest.

 A. bears B. includes C. controls D. limits

3/ Nairobi National Park is Kenya’s smallest park, but you may be surprised at the large variety of animals that live there.

 A. attacked B. encountered C. astonished D. interested

4/ An interesting feature of this park is the Orphanage where lots of orphaned or abandoned animals are taken care of.

 A. immoral B. wicked C. shameless D. deserted

5/ An interesting feature of this park is the Orphanage where lots of orphaned or abandoned animals are taken care of.

 A. looked through B. looked down C. looked for D. looked into

6/ This national park is special because it has plants and animals from both tropical and temperate zones.

 

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 is during the dry season, from October to April, when the hard forest rain is over.
	A. plastic	B. simple	C. relaxed	D. soft
3/ Visitors, especially children, can go there to learn how to recognize the different species of animals and plants.
	A. pure	B. same	C. alike	D. whole
4/ An interesting feature of this park is the Orphanage where lots of orphaned or abandoned animals are taken care of.
	A. bad	B. ugly	C. weak	D. dull
5/ This national park is special because it has plants and animals from both tropical and temperate zones.
	A. warm	B. cold	C. cool	D. wet
6/ Due to an increase in population and the use of nearby land for farming, there are toxic levels of chemicals in the water.
	A. drop	B. lowness	C. shortage	D. illness
7/ When did Nguyen Hue defeat Thanh enemies?
	A. peoples	B. animals	C. friends	D. kids
8/ Rearrange the following sentences to make a letter of acceptance responding to an invitation to spend a weekend in the country.
	A. dislike	B. disparagement	C. rebuke	D. refusal
9/ You know how much I love spending a weekend in the country after a long and hard-working term.
	A. easygoing	B. idle	C. bad	D. weak
10/ If I had been you, I would have gone home immediately.
	A. late	B. lately	C. short	D. shortly
EXERCISE 4:
Read the following passage carefully, and then select the best option A, B, C or D to complete it:
National Parks and Preserves, (1) _______ public lands or bodies of water within a country, set aside by the (2) _______ to protect ecosystems, plant and animal species, scenic landscapes, geologic formations, or historical or archaeological (3) _______.
National parks are managed primarily for public recreation, (4) _______ exceptional locations where visitors can view wildlife and enjoy the (5) _______. Generally, these protected public lands are off-limits to hunting, livestock grazing, logging, mining, and other (6) _______ that exploit natural resources. Some parks commemorate significant historical events. (7) _______, Gettysburg National Military Park (1895) in Pennsylvania conserves the 13 sq km (5 sq mi) site of the pivotal battle in the (8) ______ Civil War (1861-1865).
National preserves, sometimes (9) _______ nature or wildlife reserves, often are located within or near national (10) _______. These lands are managed by national governments primarily for wildlife protection or scientific research (11) _______ recreation, and provide “living laboratories” in (12) _______ scientists observe plant and animal species in their natural habitat. (13) _______, fishing, and mining are permitted within many United States preserves (14) _______ the activities do not harm natural resources. Many other countries specifically ban such activities in their (15) _______...
New vocabulary:
- ecosystem (n.): hệ sinh thái
- off-limits (adj.- after verbs): (thuộc vùng đất) cấm vào
- livestock (n.): vật nuôi, thú nuôi
- to commemorate (v.): kỷ niệm, tưởng nhớ
- pivotal (adj.): then chốt, mấu chốt, chủ chốt
1/	A. one	B. only	C. unique	D. just
2/	A. hospital	B. school	C. country	D. government
3/	A. sites	B. places	C. spots	D. lands
4/	A. giving	B. providing	C. sending	D. throwing
5/	A. joy	B. fun 	C. outdoors	D. indoors
6/	A. things 	B. activities	C. people	D. animals
7/	A. In fact	B. Moreover	C. However	D. For example
8/	A. American	B. African	C. British	D. French
9/	A. told	B. considered	C. called	D. known
10/	A. parks	B. places	C. sites	D. resources
11/	A. such as	B. in spite of	C. because of	D. instead of
12/	A. whom	B. that	C. which	D. what
13/	A. Hiking	B. Swimming	C. Camping	D. Hunting
14/	A. if	B. unless	C. when	D. that
15/	A. places	B. preserves	C. lands	D. countries
EXERCISE 5:
Put in the correct verb form:
1/ If I (be) _______ you, I (help) _______ her now.
2/ If she (be) _______ late, she will be punished.
3/ I could have understood him if he (speak) _______ more slowly.
4/ What (you/do) _______ if you (be) _______ a billionaire?
5/ You didn’t pay attention to the teacher’s explanation. If you (pay) _______ more attention, you (do) _______ the exam well.
6/ She’s waiting for her uncle to come back from Ho Chi Minh city. If her uncle (come) _______ home, she (have) _______ a lot of presents.
7/ Sang is a naughty boy and often makes fun ofhis classmates. If he (start) _______ a joke, someone (cry) _______ bitterly.
8/ Chung wanted to buy some presents for his younger sister but he couldn’t. If he (afford) _______ to buy, her younger sister (be) _______ happy to greet a new year.
9/ He is never willing to help poor people. If he (do) _______ something, the earth (stop) _______ moving.
10/ I didn’t know her mother was ill. If I (know) _______ that, I (come) _______ to visit her.
EXERCISE 6:
Put the statements in past unreal conditions:
1/ Oanh didn’t know how to solve the maths problem so she got low marks.
→ If Oanh __________________________________________________.
2/ You didn’t say sorry so she got angry.
→ If you ___________________________________________________.
3/ They didn’t pass the exam and their family were very sad.
→ If they ___________________________________________________.
4/ It rained a lot yesterday evening so we didn’t go swimming.
→ If it _____________________________________________________.
5/ The weather was not fine enough so I didn’t go camping.
→ If the weather _____________________________________________.
6/ The computer broke down and she had to stop her work.
→ If the computer ____________________________________________.
7/ Thanh was angry so we didn’t say anything to her.
→ If Thanh _________________________________________________.
8/ Our teacher didn’t come so we canceled the party.
→ If our teacher _____________________________________________.
9/ Quang was interested in the film so he didn’t study his lesson.
→ If Quang _________________________________________________.
10/ I had a bad headache yesterday so I didn’t go to school.
→ If I _____________________________________________________.
EXERCISE 7:
Read the passages and titles below carefully, and then put the titles where they should be:
“What’s A National Park?; Yellowstone National Park; What Makes Yellowstone So Special?; Where Is Yellowstone?; Welcome Back Wolves; Other Natural Wonders; Old Faithful”
A. __________
Picture a place where you can see smelly gray mud bubbling up from the ground and steaming hot water shooting out of rocks. In the distance, high waterfalls tumble through colorful canyons.
It may sound like make-believe, but you can find all these things in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone is in the United States and it’s the oldest national park in the world.
B. __________
A national park is land set aside by the government in order to protect it. Yellowstone was made a national park in 1872. People realized it was a very special place that should be preserved.
National parks are also created so people can enjoy nature. In Yellowstone, you can do things such as camp, hike in the woods, ride horses, and go fishing.
C. __________
Yellowstone sits in the Rocky Mountains. Most of Yellowstone is in the northwest corner of Wyoming. But parts are in Idaho and Montana, too.
D. __________
The ground beneath Yellowstone contains a large amount of hot melted rock, called magma. The magma heats water in the ground. The steaming water pushes to get to the surface, much like steam whistling from a boiling teapot. 
Sometimes the heated water forms a geyser. A geyser is a place where hot water spouts up from underground. There are more than 300 geysers in Yellowstone, some big and some small. Other times the hot water seeps from the ground as a hot spring. There are even more hot springs in Yellowstone than geysers. 
If you explore Yellowstone, you may also see steam vents, which is where steam and other gases puff out of the ground. You can even find “paint pots” in the park. Paint pots are holes full of bubbling mud that is thick like paint. Sometimes the pots smell like rotten eggs or burnt matches.
E. __________
The most famous geyser in the world is Old Faithful and it’s in Yellowstone. It blows its top about every 30 to 90 minutes. It shoots thousands of gallons of hot water high into the air. Visiting Old Faithful is a highlight of any trip to Yellowstone.
F. __________
What else can you see in Yellowstone? How about Yellowstone’s own Grand Canyon? It has two big waterfalls and high cliffs of yellow, red, and orange rock.
There’s a forest of stone trees in Yellowstone that is millions of years old. The trees were once buried by ash from a volcano and were gradually turned to stone. There are also beautiful lakes, rivers, and mountains to see and enjoy. 
Yellowstone is rich with wildlife. Hundreds of kinds of birds live in the park, including bald eagles, blue herons, and white pelicans. Yellowstone is home to many large animals. Visitors may see black bears, grizzly bears, moose, bighorn sheep, deer, cougars, herds of elk, and bison (buffalo).
Protecting animals in the wild is one of the most important tasks of the park. In fact, the creation of Yellowstone helped save bison from being hunted to extinction in the late 1800s.
G. __________
Yellowstone was once home to thousands of gray wolves. But people thought they were dangerous and killed them off. The last wolf in the park was killed in the 1930s.
In 1995 and 1996, biologists brought about 30 wolves from Canada and released them inside Yellowstone. Wolf packs soon formed. New pups are born in the park every year. There are now more than 200 wolves in and around the park! Today, seeing a wolf is one of Yellowstone’s big attractions.
EXERCISE 8:
Choose the correct form of verbs to complete the sentences:
1/ His parents _______ him awarded the winner's medal.
	A. saw	B. see	C. to see	D. seeing
2/ Cigarette _______ kills thousands of people every year.
	A. smokes	B. smoke	C. to smoke 	D. smoking
3/ She was a much ______ baby.

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