Giáo án tiếng Anh 12 - Memory /ˈmem ə ri/ noun (plural memories)

1. ABILITY TO REMEMBER [uncountable and countable] someone’s ability to remember things, places,

experiences, etc.

memory for

- She has a terrible memory for names.

from memory

- The pianist played the whole piece from memory.

in your memory

- The image has remained in my memory ever since.

2. SOMETHING YOU REMEMBER [countable usually plural] something that you remember from the past about a

person, place, or experience

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pace that can be used for storing information on a computer: 
 - 128 Mb of memory 
 - Personal computers now have much increased memory capacity. 
4. in/within memory during the time that people can remember: 
 - the worst floods in living memory (= since the earliest time that people now alive can remember) 
 - It’s certainly the best England team in recent memory. 
 - The disaster was within the memory of many men still working at the station. 
5. in memory of somebody if something is done or made in memory of someone, it is done to remember them 
and remind other people of them after they have died: 
 - a statue in memory of those who died in the war 
 - She set up a charitable fund in her father’s memory. 
6. sb’s memory the way you remember someone who has died: 
 - She died over 40 years ago but her memory lives on (= people still remember her). 
to sb’s memory 
 - There’s a bench to his memory in the local park. 
7. a walk/trip down memory lane when you spend some time remembering the past: 
 - She returned to her old school yesterday for a trip down memory lane. 
8. sb’s memory is playing tricks on them spoken used to say that someone is remembering things wrongly: 
 - My memory must be playing tricks on me; I’m sure I put that book on the desk. 
 Ngân Phương Vy ~ August 10
, 2014 MEMORY 2 
 - I wish my memory was as good as yours. 
 - A student with a poor memory may struggle in school. 
short-term memory (= your ability to remember things that you have just seen, heard, or done) 
 - The drug can damage your short-term memory. 
long-term memory (= your ability to remember things that happened a long time ago) 
 - Most people's long-term memory is limited. 
visual memory (= your ability to remember things you have seen) 
 - Poor spellers often have a weak visual memory. 
a photographic memory (= the ability to remember every detail of things that you have seen) 
 - Unless you have a photographic memory, you forget half of what you read as soon as you close the book. 
remain/stay/stick in your memory (= be remembered for a long time) 
 - That day will remain in my memory forever. 
refresh/jog your memory (= help someone to remember something) 
 - Perhaps this photograph will refresh your memory? 
lose your memory (= become unable to remember things that happened in the past) 
 - The blow on the head caused him to lose his memory. 
commit something to memory formal (= make yourself remember something) 
 - I've already committed his name to memory. 
have a short memory (= if you have a short memory, you soon forget things) 
 - Voters have short memories. 
have a long memory (= if you have a long memory, you remember things for a long time) 
 - He has a long memory for people who have let him down. 
have a memory like a sieve (= forget things very easily) 
 - I'm sorry, I have a memory like a sieve. 
 - I forgot you were coming today! 
loss of memory/memory loss (= when you cannot remember things) 
 - The condition can cause dizziness and memory loss. 
a lapse of memory/a memory lapse (= when you cannot remember something for a short time) 
 - The alcohol seemed to make him suffer lapses of memory. 
if my memory serves (me correctly/right) (= used to say that you are almost certain you have remembered 
something correctly) 
 - If my memory serves me correctly, Johnson was also there. 
something is, etc.hed in your memory (= it is impossible to forget) 
 - The date was, etc.hed in my memory. 
good/bad, etc. memories 
 - He left school with good memories of his time there. 
happy/unhappy memories 
 - Many people have unhappy memories of being forced to play team sports. 
fond memories (= about someone or something you like) 
 - She had fond memories of her aunt and uncle. 
a painful memory (= very upsetting) 
 - He sobbed as he relived the painful memory. 
a vivid memory (= very clear and detailed) I have vivid memories of that summer. 
a clear memory I have a clear memory of the first time I met David. 
 Ngân Phương Vy ~ August 10
, 2014 MEMORY 3 
a dim/distant memory (= not clear, from a long time ago) 
 - He had only dim memories of his father, who had died when he was four. 
a vague memory (= not clear) I have a vague memory of visiting them when I was small. 
a childhood memory Going to the farm brought back happy childhood memories. 
somebody's earliest memory My earliest memory is of being bitten by a dog. 
an abiding/enduring/lasting memory (= that you will always have) 
 - The children's abiding memory of their father is of his patience and gentleness. 
have a/have no memory of something (= remember/not remember something) 
 - She had no memory of the accident. 
relive a memory (= talk about past events so you remember them again) 
 - Seeing her again was an excuse to relive old memories. 
bring back memories ( also rekindle/revive memories formal) (= make you remember something) 
 - For many older people, the film brought back memories of the war. 
memories come flooding back (= you suddenly remember things clearly) 
 - Evelyn hugged her daughter, as memories came flooding back to her. 
a memory fades (= becomes less clear and accurate) 
 - Write down how you felt before the memory fades. 
a place is full of memories (= makes you remember things that happened there) 
 - My old home is full of unhappy memories. 
be haunted by the memory of something (= be unable to forget something unhappy) 
 - He is haunted by memories of his unhappy childhood. 
shudder/wince at the memory of something (= be upset by remembering something) 
 - She shuddered at the memory of her parents fighting. 
 Ngân Phương Vy ~ August 10
, 2014 MEMORY 4 
1. memory /ˈmeməri/ [singular noun] a person’s ability to remember facts or past events: 
 - He’s got a good memory, but I wouldn’t call him intelligent.memory for 
 - I’ve got a terrible memory for something from memory 
 - These stories were told and retold, mainly from memory. 
lose your memory no longer have the ability to remember things 
 - Was she losing her memory as well as her teeth? 
photographic memory the ability to remember exactly every detail of something you have seen 
 - She is blessed with a photographic memory. 
2. when you do something so that a person or event will not be forgotten 
in memory of somebody/in somebody’s memory /ɪn ˈmeməri əv somebody, ɪn somebodyˈs ˈmeməri/ 
[preposition] if something is done in memory of someone who has died, it is done so that the person is not 
forgotten, and to show respect for them: ▪ The monument was built in memory of all the soldiers who died in the 
war. ▪ The statue was erected in 1888 in memory of John Wesley. ▪ The inscription on the gravestone said simply, 
‘In memory of David James Flower 1892-1917.’ ▪ When Alfred Nobel died, an annual peace prize was 
established in his memory. 
memorial /mɪˈmɔːriəl, məˈmɔːriəl/ [adjective only before noun] a memorial concert, fund, service, etc. is made or 
done to show respect for someone who has died, especially someone who was important, so that that person will 
not be forgotten: ▪ The memorial service was attended by the greatest names in Hollywood. ▪ Eliot was asked to 
give the first Yeats memorial lecture in Dublin in 1940. ▪ He met Saleh after a memorial ceremony for former 
president François Mitterrand. 
commemorate /kəˈmeməreɪt/ [transitive verb] if something commemorates someone’s death or an event where 
people died, it is done in order to show respect for them and to remind other people of the person or event: ▪ The 
Eid commemorates the prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son at God’s command. ▪ When a famous 
citizen died, he was commemorated by a statue or a plaque. 
commemorate something with something ▪ Vienna commemorated the 200th anniversary of Schubert’s birth 
with a series of exhibitions and concerts. 
3. when you will remember something for a long time 
memorable /ˈmemərəbəl/ [adjective] something that is memorable, especially an event or occasion, is so 
enjoyable, beautiful, unusual, etc. that you remember it for a long time: ▪ One memorable afternoon, we visited a 
Shinto shrine. ▪ What’s your most memorable moment from your years on the stage? ▪ The story was memorable 
because, as far as I recall, it was the only book in the school library that even mentioned a black person. 
unforgettable /ˌʌnfəʳˈgetəbəl/ [adjective] something such as an event or occasion that is unforgettable has such a 
powerful effect on you that you will never be able to forget it: ▪ The trip had been an unforgettable experience for 
both of them. ▪ a series of unforgettable characters ▪ one of the movie’s unforgettable moments ▪ To everyone 
who has ever heard a fairy tale, the image of being lost in a deep, dark wood is unforgettable. 
 Ngân Phương Vy ~ August 10
, 2014 MEMORY 5 
4. to try to remember something that you may need to know later 
memorize also memorise British /ˈmeməraɪz/ [transitive verb] to learn facts, numbers, lines, etc. from a piece of 
writing or music, so that you can remember them later: ▪ Wesley would pray for hours and memorize large 
sections of the Bible. ▪ Don’t write down your PIN number, memorize it. 
note /nəʊt/ [transitive verb] to remember something, such as a fact or information, especially by writing it down, 
because you may need to know it in the future: ▪ Before leaving, she noted the times of the return trains. 
note down to write the things you have to remember ▪ He read the text carefully, noting down the queries to be 
resolved later. 
note [countable noun] ▪ I have notes to myself all over the house.make a note of something ▪ If you have any 
complaints, let me know and I’ll make a note of them. 
make a mental note /meɪk ə ˌmentl ˈnəʊt/ [verb phrase] to make yourself remember something because

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