Giáo án tiếng Anh 12 - Make /meɪk/ verb (past tense and past participle made / meɪd /)

1. PRODUCE [transitive] to produce something, for example by putting the different parts of it together:

- I’m going to show you how to make a box for your tools.

- A family of mice had made their nest in the roof.

- She made her own wedding dress.

- The company has been making quality furniture for over 200 years.

- They met while they were making a film.

- Make a list of all the things you need.

make somebody something

- He made her a toy horse, using just some straw and bamboo twigs.

be made from something

- Paper is made from wood.

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: 
 - We’ve only got one day in Paris, so we’d better make the most of it. 
4. make too much of something to treat something as if it is more important than it really is: 
 - It would be a mistake to make too much of these findings. 
 make much of somebody/something formal to treat a person or thing as though you think they are very 
important or special: 
 - The press made much of the discovery. 
 - They’ve always made much of their nephews and nieces. 
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, 2014 MAKE 5 
5. make a day/night/evening of it informal to spend a whole day, night, etc. doing something, because you have 
chosen to: 
 - We decided to take a picnic and make a day of it. 
 make a go of something informal to make something succeed, especially a business or marriage: 
 - Nikki was determined to make a go of the business. 
 - Many businesses are struggling hard to make a go of it. 
 make the best of something (also make the best of a bad job/situation, etc, British English) to accept a 
situation that is not very good, and do whatever you can to make it better: 
 - We are stuck here, so we might as well make the best of it. 
 see/find out what somebody is (really) made of informal to find out how strong, brave etc someone is or how 
skilful they are at doing something: 
 - Come on then! Let’s see what you’re made of.) 
make off phrasal verb 
to leave quickly, especially in order to escape: 
 - The men made off as the police arrived. 
make off along/across/through, etc. 
 - The getaway car made off towards Horrocks Avenue. 
make off with something phrasal verb [not in passive] informal to steal something and take it away with you: 
 - Thieves broke into the school and made off with computer equipment worth £40,000. 
make out phrasal verb 
1. SEE/HEAR make something ↔ out to be just able to see or hear something: 
 - He could just make out a dark shape moving towards him. 
make out who/what, etc. 
 - I couldn’t make out what he was saying. 
2. UNDERSTAND SOMETHING make something ↔ out to understand something, especially the reason why 
something has happened 
make out what/how/why, etc. 
 - I couldn’t make out what I had done to annoy her. 
As far as I can make out, he has never been married. 
3.UNDERSTAND SOMEBODY make somebody ↔ out [usually in questions and negatives] to understand someone’s 
character and the way they behave: 
 - Stuart’s a strange guy – I can’t make him out at all. 
4. WRITE CHEQUE, ETC. make something ↔ out to write something such as a bill or cheque: 
 - She was making out a list of people to invite. 
 - The book gives advice on making out a will. 
make something ↔ out to 
 - Make the cheque out to ‘Grays Ltd’. 
5. SAY/PRETEND make somebody/something ↔ out to say that something is true when it is not: 
The situation was never as bad as the media made out. 
make out (that) 
 - She always tried to make out that I was wrong and she was right. 
make somebody/something out to be something 
 - He makes me out to be some sort of idiot. 
6. make out a case (for something) to find good reasons that prove something or show why you need something: 
 - We made out a case for hiring another assistant. 
7. SUCCEED especially American English to succeed or progress in a particular way = get on: 
 - How did you make out this morning? 
8. SEX informal especially American English to kiss and touch someone in a sexual way 
9. make out like a bandit American English informal to get or win a lot of money: 
The lawyers made out like bandits. 
make something out of somebody/something phrasal verb 
to change a person or thing into something else: 
The Olympics can make sporting heroes out of previously little-known athletes. 
make something/somebody ↔ over phrasal verb 
1. especially British English to officially and legally give money or property to someone else = transfer 
make something/somebody ↔ over to 
He made over the whole estate to his son. 
2. to change someone or something so that they look different or have a different use: 
Redgrave has made herself over completely for her movie role. 
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, 2014 MAKE 6 
make-over / meɪkəʊvə ~ -oʊvər / noun [countable] 
1. if you give someone a makeover, you make them look more attractive by giving them new clothes, a new hair 
style etc 
2. if you give a place a makeover, you make it look more attractive by painting the walls, putting in new furniture 
etc: 
 - It’s time we gave the kitchen a makeover. 
make towards something phrasal verb British English formal 
to start moving towards something: 
 - She made towards the door. 
make up phrasal verb 
1. FORM/BE make up something [not in progressive] to combine together to form something = constitute: 
 - Women make up only a small proportion of the prison population. 
be made up of something 
 - The committee is made up of representatives from every state. 
2. PRETEND SOMETHING IS TRUE make something ↔ up to pretend that something is true in order to deceive 
someone: 
 - I think they’re making the whole thing up. 
 made-up, [adjective] a story, name, word etc that is made-up is not true or real: [bịa / giả] 
 - She used a made-up name. 
3. INVENT make something ↔ up to produce a new story, song, game, etc. by thinking: 
 - Nick made up a song about them. 
 - When you’re the boss you can make up your own rules. 
 - I’ve given talks so many times that now I just make them up as I go along (= think of things to say as I am 
speaking). 
4. PREPARE make something ↔ up to prepare something by mixing things or putting things together: 
 - I could make up a bed for you on the sofa. 
 - Can you make up a bottle of milk for the baby? 
5. SB’S FACE make somebody ↔ up to put make-up (= special coloured substances) on someone’s face in order 
to make them look better or different: 
 - They made him up as an old man for the last act of the play. 
 - One lucky winner will have the chance to be made up and photographed. 
► Do not use the verb 'make up' when you are talking about putting make-up on your own face. Say that you 
 put on (your) make-up. made-up, [adjective] wearing make-up on your face: 
 - She was heavily made-up (= wearing a lot of make-up). 
6. NUMBER/AMOUNT make something ↔ up especially British English to add to an amount in order to bring it up 
to the level that is needed: 
 - I saved as much as I could, and my parents made up the rest. 
 - The company will be forced to pay $6 million to make up the difference. 
7. TIME/WORK make something ↔ up to work at times when you do not usually work, because you have not 
done as much work as you should: 
 - I’m trying to make up the time I lost while I was sick. 
 - Is it OK if I make the work up next week? 
8. FRIENDS (also make it up) informal to become friendly with someone again after you have had an argument 
make up with 
 - Have you made up with Patty yet? 
Oh come on! Why don’t you just kiss and make up ? 
9. FROM CLOTH make something ↔ up to produce something from cloth by cutting and sewing: 
 - The dress had been made up to her exact requirements. 
make something ↔ up into 
 - I plan on making that material up into a dress. 
make up your mind/make your mind up 
 a) to decide which of two or more choices you want, especially after thinking for a long time : 
 - I wish he’d hurry up and make his mind up. 
 - make up your mind/make your mind up about 
 - He couldn’t make up his mind about what to do with the money. 
make up your mind whether 
 - Karen couldn’t make up her mind whether to apply for membership or not. 
 b) to become very determined to do something, so that you will not change your decision: 
 - No more argument. My mind is made up. 
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, 2014 MAKE 7 
make up your mind to do something 
 - He had clearly made up his mind to end the affair. 
make up your mind that 
 - I made up my mind there and then that I would never get married. 
 c) to decide what your opinion is about someone or something 
make up your mind/make your mind up about 
 - I could never really make my mind up about him. 
 - You’re old enough to make your own mind up about smoking. 
make up for something phrasal verb 
1. to make a bad situation better, or replace something that has been lost SYN compensate: 
 - The team will be anxious to make up for a disappointing start to the season. 
 - I don’t eat breakfast but I make up for it at lunch. 
 - The good days more than make up for the bad ones. 
2. to have so much of one quality that it is not important that you do not have much of another one 
make up for something in/with 
 - What Jay lacked in experience, he made up for in enthusiasm. 
 - Caroline doesn’t have a natural talent for music but she makes up for it with hard work. 
3. to do something to show that you are sorry for doing something that upset or annoyed someone: 
 - I’m sorry I was late. To make up for it, let me treat you to a meal. 
4. make up for lost time 
a) to work more quickly, or at times when you do not usually work, because something has prevented you from 
doing the work before: 
 - We rehearsed all day Saturday, to make up for lost time. 
b) to do a lot of something in an eager way because you have not had a chance to do it before: 
 - Palin didn’t travel much as a young man but he’s certainly made up for lost time now. 
make up to somebody phrasal verb 
1. make (it) up to somebody to do something to show that you are sorry about the problems you have caused 
someone: 
 - I’ll make it up to you somehow. 
 - He was looking for a way to make up to her for what he had done. 
2. British English informal to say nice things to someone or be very friendly to them in order to get an advantage 
for yourself – used in order to show disapproval 
3. be made up to captain/manager, etc. to be given a higher position in an organization SYN promote: 
 - He was 

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